About the material molybdenum disulfide grease market and self-healing nanomaterials for solar panels and other electronic devices
The field of self-healing materials is expanding rapidly, and what was once science fiction may soon be a reality, thanks to scientists at The Israeli institute of Technology (Technion) who have developed environmentally friendly nanocrystal semiconductors that can repair themselves. Their work, recently published in Advanced Functional Materials, describes this process: a group of Materials called double perovskites show self-healing properties after being damaged by electron beam radiation. First discovered in 1839, perovskite has recently attracted the attention of scientists because of its unique electro-optical properties, which make it efficient at converting energy despite being cheap to produce. Special efforts have been made to use lead-based perovskites in high-efficiency solar cells. The Technion research team led by Professor Yehonadav Bekenstein from the School of Materials Science and Engineering and the Technion Solid Research Institute is looking for green alternatives to toxic lead and lead-free perovskite. The team specializes in the synthesis of new materials for nanocrystals. By controlling the composition, shape and size of the crystals, they alter the physical properties of the material.
Nanocrystals are the smallest particles of matter that remain stable in nature. Their size makes certain properties more obvious and enables research methods that would not be possible with larger crystals, such as using electron microscope imaging to see how atoms move in a material. In fact, it was this approach that discovered the self-healing ability of lead-free perovskites. The perovskite nanoparticles were produced in Professor Bekenstein\'s laboratory in a simple process of heating the material to 100°C for a few minutes. When doctoral students Sasha Khalfin and Noam Veber looked at the particles with a transmission electron microscope, they made the exciting discovery. The microscope uses a high-pressure electron beam that causes defects and holes in the nanocrystals. The researchers were then able to explore how the holes interact with the surrounding material and move and deform within it.
They found that the holes moved freely inside the nanocrystals, but avoided the edges. The researchers developed a code that analyzed dozens of videos made with electron microscopes to understand the dynamics of motion inside the crystals. They found that tiny holes formed on the surface of the nanoparticles, which then moved to a region of stable internal energy. The reason for the inward movement of the holes is hypothesized to be the organic molecules covering the nanocrystals. Once the organic molecules were removed, the team found that the crystals spontaneously ejected the holes onto the surface and back again, returning to their original structure -- in other words, the crust repaired itself. The discovery is an important step towards understanding the self-healing process of perovskite nanoparticles and paves the way for their combination with solar panels and other electronic devices.
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New materials including the molybdenum disulfide grease market trend is one of the main directions of science and technology development in the 21st century
With the development of science and technology, people develop new materials molybdenum disulfide grease on the basis of traditional materials and according to the research results of modern science and technology. New materials are divided into metal materials, inorganic non-metal materials (such as ceramics, gallium arsenide semiconductor, etc.), organic polymer materials, advanced composite materials. According to the molybdenum disulfide grease material properties, it is divided into structural materials and functional materials. Structural materials mainly use mechanical and physical and chemical properties of materials to meet the performance requirements of high strength, high stiffness, high hardness, high-temperature resistance, wear resistance, corrosion resistance, radiation resistance and so on; Functional materials mainly use the electrical, magnetic, acoustic, photo thermal and other effects of materials to achieve certain functions, such as semiconductor materials, magnetic materials, photosensitive materials, thermal sensitive materials, stealth materials and nuclear materials for atomic and hydrogen bombs.
One of the main directions of molybdenum disulfide grease science and technology development in the 21st century is the research and application of new materials. The research of new materials is a further advance in the understanding and application of material properties.
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